Table of Contents
Quality of life is a set of conditions that individuals must meet to meet their needs. So that you not only endure but live comfortably. Quality of life encompasses several aspects that can be subjective, such as enjoying leisure time as an interest, or objective, such as having a home with all essential services. for quality factors
The Following Factors Affect the Quality of Life:
Physical Wellbeing: It relates to the health and biological integrity of the person. It means, for example, having access to a quality hospital and living in a low-crime city. It is also where access to good nutrition comes into play, which has to do with the food supply available and informing citizens so that they can consume products that satisfy not only their hunger
Material Welfare: Refers to the level of income and possession of goods. For example, an individual must be able to earn at least what is necessary to cover their basic needs.
Social Wellbeing: It’s anything related to interacting with other people. It includes participation in community activities that facilitate integration between members of a neighbourhood or social group. For example, we refer to enjoying a steady circle of friends and a healthy family environment.
Personal Development: It means that the individual feels that they are satisfying their aspirations and feel fulfilled. It implies that the individual can, for example, pursue the studies they want (access to education) and work in the work that interests them most.
Human Development Index
One method to measure the quality of life can be the Human Development Index (HDI). It is an indicator of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) that measures the level of development of each country using variables such as life expectancy, education, or per capita income.
What is Quality of Life?
When we talk about the quality of life, we refer to a concept that refers to several general levels that range from social or community wellbeing to particular or collective aspects. Therefore, quality of life has different definitions, from the philosophical and political elements to the health aspects.
Over time, attempts have to propose a definition that covers all areas covered by the concept of quality of life since it combines subjective and objective components. Whose common point is individual Well-being? These can group into five broad areas: physical well-being (e.g., health, physical safety), material well-being (privacy, nutrition, housing, transportation, property), social well-being (interpersonal relationships with family, friends, etc.), development and performance (education, productivity, contribution) and emotional wellbeing (self-esteem, status with others, religion). However, it is vital to understand that the response to each area is subjective and varies widely due to the influence of social and material factors, age, employment status, or health policies.
Two determining aspects for improving the quality of life of the elders –
The starting point is to understand the quality of life as a multidimensional concept that includes objective and subjective components. It encompasses different areas of life, reflects objective cultural norms of well-being, and gives them particular weight. These areas may be considered more important than others.
What are the determinants of quality of life?
- Quality of life encompasses several factors, including the personal dimension (health, autonomy, happiness) and social-environmental (support networks and social services). Therefore, it is not enough to reduce the concept to a single domain.
- Every older person (even in the most extreme cases) can strive for a higher level of satisfaction and well-being and an improvement in their quality of life. Progress in access to this issue reflects the shift in approach in recent years. Complex and multidimensional being”; their well-being influenced by various aspects, not only economic but also by their health, family and social support, level of functioning, level of participation in society, and life history.” (of them)
- “The individual’s perception of his position in life in the context of the culture and value system in which one lives and with one’s goals, hopes, norms, and concerns.”
- Within the quality of life domain framework, they synthesize the influencing factors into two groups: micro or individual level, family, and habitat (biological, genetic factors, health status, personality, social integration, and life satisfaction).
- Scientific studies on subjective wellbeing and happiness in the social sciences and psychology have undergone essential developments. Show that the happiest people attribute their happiness to comfortable, engaged, and meaningful lives.
Represented by the appreciation of life satisfaction, such as perception, memory, thinking ability, spatial orientation, learning style, and ability.
- Recently, however, the importance of exploring. Like all subjective moods, the dynamic field has emerged. It leads to better or worse adaptation to unfavourable objective circumstances that one must constantly face in old age and affect the quality of life. the life of the people
- Health seems to be an essential dimension of the quality of life of the elderly population, viewed both positively and negatively (poor health worsens quality of life.
- Its assessment of the elderly complements the old patient assessment and health promotion method. It is not the same or a substitute for clinical measurements, but it does help identify where interventions are most needed and establish a hierarchy of priorities.
What is the link between happiness and quality of life?
Happiness is one of the weak points of quality of life because the value we give to things is different for each person. Happiness, for example, is not always a question of money or comfort but of human security. For example, someone who has just ended a love relationship cannot consider happy because he has just entered a moment of emotional instability.
5 points considering happiness in quality of life
- Significant relationship
- Not abuse alcohol
- money and work
“If people choose to have one hour. They may end up with a different version of happiness than what they want for the rest of their lives. The study is really about immediate satisfaction and what they want in their life.
What is the link between well-being and quality of life?
One of the most common questions about the quality of life is related to well-being. The relationship between these two concepts refers to many factors such as:
- social media
- To work
Today, the “quality of life” can be linked to significant advances in biotechnology. Which had allowed us to have new life expectancies because before. There was not such broad access as the one we have currently. It makes it possible to cover the most basic needs in the emotional, economic, social, and educational fields.