Nutrients The cell begins to absorb nutrients and converts them into a cell component through metabolic processes, anabolism. H. it breaks them down so that nutrients and lots of energy obtained from other molecules.
Organism. These products can be any elements or chemical compounds that are extremely important for the metabolism of living things, that is, they are part of many substances contained in food and nutrients that have metabolic functions and reactions for the proper functioning of the body. From a plant and ecological point of view, the primary nutrients consist of water, oxygen and minerals.
The word derives from the Latin nutrition, which refers to feeding or, pardons, the nurturing of a living being.
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These substances have different functions within the organism of living beings, which in turn belong to its main properties, one of which is that they are produced outside the cell and can absorb them to be able to nourish themselves and be metabolized by enzymes
Another property is that they provide the body with energy to carry out daily activities efficiently, as well as have the ability to renew and repair the body.
Types of Nutrients
These classify according to different situations, including their importance, quantity and function.
According to its Meaning
According to their involvement in the metabolic reactions within the organism. These categorize into the following points.
Essential nutrients: The great vitality in the body since it cannot synthesize them. These can obtain from the environment, such as water, oxygen, essential fatty acids, vitamins, etc.
Non-Essential Nutrients: Non-essential to the body and reduce according to different conditions, i.e. by pioneering molecules containing essential nutrients, for example, fats and fibre.by amount. It is the number require to nourish living organisms, divided into two aspects.
Macronutrients: Many amounts are necessary daily to carry out its activities. carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
Micronutrients: Large amounts not require for the body to perform its functions. They regulators of energy processes and call vitamins and minerals.
according to its function
They are the ones that perform different functions in the living being’s organism and do not speak into three aspects.
Energy: They have a purely metabolic function, and from there, they manage to get the point they provide to the body. An example of this is lipids, carbohydrates, carbohydrates, etc.
Synthetics: are the ones that organize the body and make it grow properly.
Including proteins, minerals like phosphorus and calcium, carbohydrates, etc.
Regulators: They are responsible for controlling the chemical reactions of metabolism, i.e. vitamins and minerals such as potassium and sodium.
The ancient Greek alchemists, more philosophers than scientists, believed that food contained a single life-giving substance. Still, more significant numbers of these elements got over the centuries and as technology advance. They include a wide variety of chemicals that have collection into broad classes for convenience.
Organic foods and nutrients include carbohydrates.
Which are the body’s leading source of instant energy and can be store as reserve fuels, found in fruits, potatoes, corn, rice, etc.
Lipids or fats, which excellent sources of energy to carbohydrates and protect the organs from being hit, found in oils, kinds of butter, etc.
Also found proteins made up of amino acids, use to repair body tissue and organs and provide an emergency energy source. They create dairy products, meat, eggs, etc.
And finally, the vitamins, which are organic substances present in many foods, essential for the proper functioning of the body and the prevention of diseases, found in fruits, vegetables, milk, etc.
It should note that good health requires a combination of these foods in what we know as a balanced diet.
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